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Pre-Reformers:

John Wycliffe (1324-1384) Professor of Oxford University, Pastor and Bible Translator.

John Hus (1369-1415) Rector of Prague University, Pastor of Bethlehem Chapel. Martyred.

Jerome Savonarola (1452-1498) Dominican Monk and Reformer of Florence. Martyred.

 

Reformers:

Martin Luther (1483-1546) Augustinian Monk, Professor of Wittenberg University, Reformer and Bible Translator.

Ulrich Zwingli (1484-1531) Parish Priest, Bible Translator and Reformer of Zürich. Killed in battle.

William Tyndale (1494-1536) Oxford graduate, Tutor and Bible Translator. Martyred.

William Farel (1489-1565) Evangelist and Debater who won whole cities to Christ.

John Calvin (1509-1564) Brilliant Scholar, Author, Pastor and Reformer of Geneva.

John Knox (1514-1572) Pastor and Reformer of Scotland.

Pierre Viret (1511-1571) French Pastor and Evangelist.

Philipp Melanchthon (1497-1560) Professor of Greek and Hebrew at the University of Wittenberg. Author of The Augsburg Confession. Luther's successor.

Thomas Cranmer (1489-1556) Archbishop of Canterbury, Author of The Book of Common Prayer. Martyred.

Heinrich Bullinger (1504-1575) Pastor, Prolific Author, and Reformer of Zürich. Zwingli's successor.

Theodore Beza (1519-1605) Professor of Greek and Rector of the Geneva Academy.  Calvin's successor.

Martin Bucer (1491-1551) Pastor and Reformer of Strasbourg. Calvin's mentor.

Gaspard de Coligny (1519-1572) Military hero and leader of the French Huguenots. Murdered.

Allies of the Reformers:

Prince Frederick III of Saxony (1463-1525) The Elector of Saxony who protected Luther.

George Spalatin (1484-1545) Chaplain and secretary to Prince Frederick.

Prince John of Saxony (1468-1532) Dedicated Lutheran, co-founder of Schalkaldic League against Charles V.

 

Enemies of the Reformation:

Johann Tetzel (1465-1519) Dominican friar and papal indulgence salesman who provoked Luther's protest.

Johann Maier Eck (1484-1543) Professor of Theology at Ingolstadt University who debated Luther.

Leo X (1513-1521) Pope

Adrian VI (1522-1523) Pope

Clement VII (1523-1534) Pope

Paul III (1534-1549) Pope

Julius III (1550-1555) Pope

Marcellus (1555) Pope

Paul IV (1555-1559) Pope

Pius IV (1559-1565) Pope

Pius V (1566-1572) Pope

Gregory XIII (1572-1585) Pope

Sixtus V (1585-1590) Pope

Charles V (1519-1558) Holy Roman Emperor

Fancis I (1515-1547) King of France

Henry II (1547-1559) King of France

Charles IX (1560-1574) King of France

Henry III (1574-1589) King of France

Mary I (Mary Tudor) (1553-1558) Queen of England

Mary, Queen of Scots (1542-1567) Mary Stuart – Queen of Scotland

 
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